§14735. National launch capability study
Congress finds that a robust satellite and launch industry in the United States serves the interest of the United States by—
(1) contributing to the economy of the United States;
(2) strengthening employment, technological, and scientific interests of the United States; and
(3) serving the foreign policy and national security interests of the United States.
In this section:
The term “Secretary” means the Secretary of Defense.
(2) Total potential national mission model
The term “total potential national mission model” means a model that—
(A) is determined by the Secretary, in consultation with the Administrator, to assess the total potential space missions to be conducted in the United States during a specified period of time; and
(B) includes all launches in the United States (including launches conducted on or off a Federal range).
(1) In general
Not later than 180 days after October 28, 1998, the Secretary shall, in consultation with the Administrator and appropriate representatives of the satellite and launch industry and the governments of States and political subdivisions thereof—
(A) prepare a report that meets the requirements of this subsection; and
(B) submit that report to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on Science of the House of Representatives.
(2) Requirements for report
The report prepared under this subsection shall—
(A) identify the total potential national mission model for the period beginning on the date of the report and ending on December 31, 2007;
(B) identify the resources that are necessary or available to carry out the total potential national mission model described in subparagraph (A), including—
(i) launch property and services of the Department of Defense, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and non-Federal facilities; and
(ii) the ability to support commercial launch-on-demand on short notification, taking into account Federal requirements, at launch sites or test ranges in the United States;
(C) identify each deficiency in the resources referred to in subparagraph (B); and
(D) with respect to the deficiencies identified under subparagraph (C), include estimates of the level of funding necessary to address those deficiencies for the period described in subparagraph (A).
Based on the reports under subsection (c) of this section, the Secretary, after consultation with the Secretary of Transportation, the Secretary of Commerce, and representatives from interested private sector entities, States, and local governments, shall—
(1) identify opportunities for investment by non-Federal entities (including States and political subdivisions thereof and private sector entities) to assist the Federal Government in providing launch capabilities for the commercial space industry in the United States;
(2) identify one or more methods by which, if sufficient resources referred to in subsection (c)(2)(D) of this section are not available to the Department of Defense and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the control of the launch property and launch services of the Department of Defense and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration may be transferred from the Department of Defense and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration to—
(A) one or more other Federal agencies;
(B) one or more States (or subdivisions thereof);
(C) one or more private sector entities; or
(D) any combination of the entities described in subparagraphs (A) through (C); and
(3) identify the technical, structural, and legal impediments associated with making launch sites or test ranges in the United States viable and competitive.
(Pub. L. 105–303, title II, §206, Oct. 28, 1998, 112 Stat. 2857.)